-(1(. /0 ‘,-. )*+ ‘( & % ! “# $

! ”

$% & ‘( )* !” # : 5& $ -67 # !” 340 + 3 +$ .$* +$ $ ,# -!. ‘/01 + 9? .$3 ?) => $$ $8& !” 9;< E?3 0 0 ?3 -< !” D”4 0 3 +$ -C B 0 ?@A?8 3 JK 3 $?3 $/ – -< =7 $ 0 ? H >I . =@ ‘F G 9> & !” D”4 0 =$ +%0< ? ?@ L $/ * .? $ <) ?@ – – = $$ +#?7 !” # $ < ‘ 3 0 3 HC M? D< L $/ * & ( $ #?7 & $ $& P $ L 3 I $/ . 5& 9? N = -6#O .$ K $( -0″ ? $ )0 .7 QR !” D”4 0 >I = =? – ” =$ +%0<
8 S? !” TU ?3 8 ?8 V0& . 9#> 3 +$
. + -R !” 340 $ *> .$ WK !” 340 8 $?3 L $/ -0″ ? $ + -R V0& N #?7 Z 3 X .$$* ?37 & -( L 3 ?8 A0 9? . 9#> 3 +$ XY !” D”4 P 9? ( – %4 =7 M? PFC & . 9#> 3 +$ +$$ ( < N + -( 0 3 HC M? -4?” 3 .$ Z 1( =* + – S? M? 1( =* 5& – +$ L -0″ ? $ + -R . V0& 3 HC +$$ & -4?” $ -0″ ? $ + -R + #% 0 ,#%. . + HC IK%?! 4
S? !” $&7 $ 5& ? -[C; ” +#I S? !” 340 P&
. =? $
. S? !” TU S? ” & C !” :
S? ^1( & 4_#L 1 7 + 40 E?
.[a] (# 8 !” 340 + 3 +$ ‘;4 -R @? – & S? ” & C ->% ?4 @? – $ D @ 3 >? =#/ ?4 – c# WK #?7 . I< ->% 9?d ” & C + @8 ? 3 >? !” TU . !” 340 9;< 5& &$ – !” # @ . ?) => D”4 0 & -C B 0 $ DF ?3 B $ $ $ * DF

.
?0& \$ #3 -#3 $ ‘”” =3 $ =7 ?! +&7 $8 ]? & ?4 [ $ % [ +”0 ? $8 G 3 G 9? WK
^1( 7 + 0/ ^1( N FK

// //
. !”
!) &”‘ #( #$%
zargari@iust.ac.ir
!” #$ *+, -0#
amrahimi2000@yahoo.com
6 #*!! 5 34 (2
# !” .
&)( &’ $%
4 ?3 -< ? – -8 -0″ ? $ & {% )0 [ z I< S? ” & C D4
C ? # & + / ->% ($ $ F”
# & +$% @RC 9 gFK & E?3 . &! G WK & $,? TU . $,? TU 9;< ? P& & ? 7$ 0 -C $ = 4 53 ( {l. $/ ) ( /G +$( ( % |0 . O .4$ S$ > Dv 3 . – > 0 ‘/01 I $ <) $ 3 P& $ J”4 l =@ W)8 0 $ . ?$ < . ‘( ? & , /#H 0/ N$ =@ + -* > ‘/01 3 ( $ -< A?$ .
/ @ ‘/01 3 $&/ $/ $ . -C $ PL
.$ +$ $ 3 -< + wI H -“%_ } – = G WK TU .
:$ D4″ ?3 -h” -h& -h h$ : h[ +##< $ ‘HF( oa
*h# & R# -#* $ % >0 ? FK
.>4 D< 7$ +$( (
& h 3 ~h T ‘I G WK : ‘HF( oy
. $ Z, =7 $ -< 3& 3 3
& h< K &$ – = ” & C ‘;4 *d?& o}
:$ D4″ ?3 wI < h %4h =3 : D/ 4 – – < *d?& -#?@ ( … & &+$ =3 [ =3 -” -& ($ =3)
(D”4h h-h#?@ ?h & (h -h#?@ -?<) 0
.€#< -#?@ & $
& hC : h Dh/ h 4h – – D < *d?&
.# & C & =$ D[# & $. ?7 – G WK -< $$ = => & @ #6 7$ & + +$ 4 3 ~ =6 K .
.[}]$$ A4 +##< / $ <) . * [ $ ? # =I I< ->% $ 4 $ $ +7 & C D4 $ !” $,? TU . = -< $$ ( Popu83 ) I< JK /8 I< S? ” $ F –  0&$ & $37 +AI$ =?,I$ $/
+*< 0/ +$&@ 53 ( Stu83 ) I< -* yq

8- Stubbs et al
9> E?3 $,? :$*
.9 gFK & (G WK) h0 hC h?3 #4 W)8 4 H $ D”4 0
& -h* h $ =h@ h_ – G 9> & E?3 hL & ‘h( i1h 3 /& -#$ & G $h h#h !” D”4 0 .# 0/ D4
h[) -h/01 $h C -< / $ +d? * -8
.# j@ ( ‘/01 PhH N !” D”4 0 3 .# 4 -#?@* >h -h8 =7 3 .+ -* > =#< . I< & S?h h1( kh h[ h!” D”4h 0h 3 .#
. $#I => & 9#&$ ] -< lHC h ! L & (=7 D?A0 3 ?) $/ nm / (h1( ojh0 h?) h1( >Ih h!” D”4 0 (
h@ Zh -h< h$ h[ = ? # & + +$
.* +$ $ 1( 340 0hh 3 +$ hh rFhh( $ ($;hh apqq) 9hh0% Zh, $?3 ‘/01 -/ PC $ I< $ !” D”4 h? h h!” D”4h 0h -< * -, & +$$ =h#/ .#4h !” 340 Z + 3 I< D”4 P =$ I< $ $& oD< &?< $ Ps
. -$ – t8 0 – %4 c# M? !”
h nm h/ !” D”4 0 $ +$ $ uL – u$Fhh ‘HFhh( (hh/8) hh3 u hhv uhhL uG u u- C uF( & ( 7$ w1 ) S.8 . h S h ( X?&h h h uh= h3 -#?@ ) JK ou$Fh uhL h uh= h?8 uhL 3 #6 3 S%v ? @, ‘F ” & C u0 /!& & S.8 u0h h< h1 .$ hS h -(h D”4 0 @ 7 & SCh S.8 ou$F ‘HF( N !” D”4 uh*d?& & X?&h i1h +#I ) Sv 1 E x?
.[y]#4 ( G u -#?@
Ih< ->%h $ S?h u u!” 340 8 ? # -< 4$ c# !” D”4 0 =$ +%0< = TU L ?3 8 V0& 9? ?& rF( ? $
$h% & -h0& h $/ = C – 8 !” . &! + +%0< 0 # ‘

Trip Generation
Trip Distribution
Modal Split 4- Traffic Assignment 5- Domencich et al.
6- Timberlake
7 – Karthoum-Wad Medani Corridor
(‘ #: 34*! 3:0 3>?+ 78! 9:)!; <5 9=#$)! +

Z$ $F D. L A4% 4 $ =7
+d? ) Y< # & V0?@ 9?@ # #
. + +$ @ ( .#F 5 -( $ &$ A4% P&8 5 -?[ + $ -0″ $ Y 9? $ & $$ $ (# =& =37 &$ A4% -< $ =I 4 # #?7 & \I =37 Z -< . N = $ F# & HF( =37 -< . N „ .[q] + . &$ -?[ #O .$ % -< + $,? #% ? $; ap}‚ P $ A#?@0 . ?#O -., L – ] . . 9? . $/ & L 3 -.,?3 ] 9? -< &* -., L $/ 7 $/ -< HF( „ $; apB‚ P $ =.P.P .$ -* +3 & A#?@0 Y „ -< $ -R . #O % „ . #O „ ‘& .$ ‘& =4 < . 9? =.P.P „ -? -< $ 8 ? 3 ?#O “”C $ -< $”. ? X>. – & $ $8& .P. P # ) P ? -O* .$$ $8& &* . +7 $8 HF( . ?#O N ( 9?T =I =7 ‘& , -* – 4 @* = P&<.W.† 0&n.=.$ -8 3 A?$ =”” .[‚]$
$ @ @?<.~.+ & <..P j>8.†.\ *.P
.[q] +$$ Z, ?8 < . 9#> % 3 <C Y< -/ & $; ap‡ˆ -$ _ $ +3& -67 4 . 9#> $ R* „ +&$ ? _ $ .?$* $,? $ + I< . ?F k . 9#> 3 ?8 & $# . $; ap‡} P $ * ] P $ X? -$ $ & $; ap‡‡ P $ R ]) P $ < & 4< ]) 07 . ($; ap‰‰ $ @8 & ]) X ?< 5& & ( ap‰‡
< _ – .#? 8 -/ ( $; ap‰‰ P

2 – Theory of Two Factor
3- D.N.lawley
4 – J.B.Carroll
L.Guttman
K.G.Joreskog
– L.R.Tucker
– H.F.Kaiser
– Exploratory Factor Analysis
– Guttman
– Canonical
– Rao
– Harris
– Kaiser & Caffrey
– Minimum Residual
– Harman & Jones
+ <I $/ ( Vadd83 ) = /#H JK ‘4 K $/ & ( Mob83 ) = $&& =3) =3 #6 .4$ ( Bed83 ) I< (Ca C -?<) -#?@ & (Taft 8&( =3 & Tatt 4 G WK TU =#/ Z3n . + -* [ $ I< S? ” & C D4 $ P# – $ =3 k, 3 =3 ?$” <t – =3 +*$& ?@ 0 $ [ =3 {% *$& ($ =3 4 + n< ? & ] P#< S? F” – F” *$& P# 3 $ =3 & -% S? ” & C D4 $8 ‘.;_ N + _ -H N @ ($ =3 . + T =3 * [ $ & . A & ]
+ $&7 (4 – A4 & =& ) ( & 4I .

-“/& +, .*
0″ &’ !”
V0& 9? . 9#> 3 +$ -0″ ? $ L y – -0& L ‚ 3 +$$ < & L ?3 8 < C;1H = . . ( -R ?8 D ]% 0& JK 7 & !? 9#> 3 -., 9? L ] & + $ Q” [# – -< 4$ ? $ A4% c?! nm / .[‚]$& > / -., ? 3 #O #4 &I* A4% c?! 5& .$ +$ = @ X?&< # A4% g( – ~1/ nm / L #O =* 5& $ “” -8 3 -., & -4 & L & -4 & L # -< -> ? – -8 .?7 . – @? “4 L 4 & JH ~1/ . 9#> 3 ~
=7 3 )0 L 3 C& -., &$ A4% #O =* 5& $ L ] & 4 $ = -., 9? ?7» :-< =7 H -04 .$ +$ L >O< . ? $/ 3 $/ c4C = L ? 3 9? #6 ƒ$ JH -0& L – %4 < #?7 «ƒ *d?& ? H -O ~/ ( .) $/ $ ( D 4 & JH #6 & L $/ .[q] $( S?@4 3 . 9#> (# m . “” 3 ( -< 0$ – .[B]#$ ( S?# ? +$$ < !? &
3 0& $$ -I? # =& & Z. $ I 9#> ?

1- Factor Analysis
6 #*!! 5 34 (%
?)L =@ ?I 9? 3 + †K . &$ .$ -* [ $ + * +3 L c – & / ?)L s<C + †K . ? S -$ ‘. †K [ $ . ?(7 – -C ? $ .# +d?& 53 . 9? ?)L . +d?& 3 Q1 =@ 3 = . †K [# I 8 $ *@ +d?& 53 ” $ .) =37 3 +$ ;m s) +d?& 53 %4 =@ 3 ? (#4 – . †K + -%0 .$ +$ (<Œ +@?A# @ L % & N Q” # .$$ < & . (O Z&$ -C .$ ( A4 .# 4 ( – (O . nm / . .#$ (O 7 . =$< $ #/ I $ ? (/) A4% =& > -? (O = $; app‰ P $ X .# (?) A4% @ L» “”C $ X<< + -< $$ (O .? -#< L 9? *6 #/? «#< 9? & Rn L 9? -< $ c% Q?_ ? 3 . -$ . -” & H – 9?$@ /! & H . 4 L 9? . A0 3 +$ 5& ? .
-< . $/ c ? ?3 $$ < L +$
.[B]$ -#< Z3n L 9? % -/ 4< ] $; ap‡q P $ -< X<?& + + .[q] . (O + ? P& m4 + +$$
0 . #/? «#< @ . » “”C $ X<?& A4% $ L 3 >O< -., -< #< ? . J/! A4% $ L 3 A?$ -., & =7 $ & $3$ . X? 3 +$ – 5& &), X?& =$ s<C P$/ 3 +$ #?7 -< RL $/ 5& ? $ =O . = .
-, $ $$* C #4 . 9? $ $
. +$ X<< + – %4 . 4 + . $ < X<?& + -< 0$ – X<?& + & X<< + Pn &$ 3 X<< . -< X<?& + 3 %< E& $ & #< & .? +$ L -< X<< + & $3 +$ ]” 3 +$ @< , X<< + $ c ? -[C; .$& > =@ _ – 5& &$ & ?$
3 -H;( $ ‘;>I 0 ? I(O -< +

Eignvalue
Scree
Quartimax 7- Variamax
8- Equamax
?>O< $ < =7 H ~ -< >#> . X?& ” s<C % [# – +##< % D 9#> H ~ ? # . A4% X? $ \I 3 -., -? ?) +I . gKI . 3 -< ?8 L . . ?) +I L
N + I L H + 1( c< Q?_
:[‚] $ -% a -1

P FJ

1

L $/ ~/ P & . + c?! A W =7 $ -< 4 – -< #4 [ ? ! +3 . ? . 53 ? # .#< 9< +$$ -., $ A# & ‘%T -R 3 w_ -< ? $ . 9#> ?I 3 % 4 =7 3 = -< $ #6 .$ +$ +##< % +3 $ R8 -H . iH -/ & 9#> ? 3 +$ -< – -$ & +3 9? 0n$ -< ?7 $8 RL @ E_ & & -> +$ ]” – JH -< -*
$/ 3 < . $/ . $ < _ – .?# =#. – = . +*?$ ? 3 . * +3 K T =$ Š0 +$$ +#$ < 9#> 9? * +3 L 3 $?3 $/ ?3 .$ ” 7 3 8 .$ < . 3 >O< -., – 5Y + ? . 9#> 3 +$ L ]? ?
j@ 7 ?$” -#$ # ‹ < ‘F +$$ -<
.# S? 9 & =” E?3 $ Q” ? $ ?3 + / L ( & #4 ‘HF( ? – $ -< =7 +#$ =I +$ 7 ?3 . 9#> 3 = K -0″ ? $ + -* > . 9#> V0& .$ 3 H ~ . . (O & †K -C &$ -., 9? $ H . $/ + $ DF tK P& -C >$ Z&$ -C ~ . + * +3 L 3 & . =$ 4 [# (. (O) 7 M?
L -., 3 H . + $ DF tK #6
. + * +3 3 +$ A4% X? 3 . †K P& -C $ + -0″ ? $ ;m s) . Z, + 3 >?
. 4K .[‡]$?) ‘H (H – 0U

Overlapping
Unimodally
Principal Components Analysis
(, #: 34*! 3:0 3>?+ 78! 9:)!; <5 9=#$)! +

KMO $ – ? < g( .$ Z . :$ -% y -1 3 =
∑∑rij2
KMO =

ij2 (y)

aij
jij
& i L + A4% c?! rij y -1 $ g( KMO & 7 R@8 A4% c?! aij & +$
?&< =37 4? #6 . $ – ? < .$$* Z, +$$ A4% X? =$ ,# 8 #6 & +$$ -1 $8& Z. ? $8& =37 ? Z,
?&< =37 .$ =I 7 -1 $ #/ i1
: $ S Z, } -1 N
14820901378

χ2 =−(n−1−)LnR (})
2257044219673

$/ +##< / p $37 $/ A n } -1 $ A4% X? =#$ Q1 A @ R L
0/5p(p−1) χ2 E?3 $ -FKI ? . $8& Z. » H -! $ 1( PC & $37 -8$ 37 Z, M? .[‚]?37 « X? 3 ‘& # 4 S? 4 !” TU . ‚ <) – # 4 & ( $&& ) @< -< 3 = –
+ +$$ =I a P&8 $ ( 8&( ) = 3 @< -< .

. ” #$ %& &’ !

ˆ/‚‚a ˆ/‚‚y – ? <
app/p‰‚ app/}ˆp ?&<
%pp 3 %pp 3
? < ?$” -< $$* -[C; a P&8 ?$” – -8 = 3 8&( 4 $ D & $&& 4 $ D – i1 #6 .$$* ? =37 -, $ & ˆ/‡ 3 pp 3 =#_ ” @ ?&< =37 $ #/
S? !” +$$ & . Z, H$
.? ?

3- Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity
+ (O 5& ? M? & $ $ < < 7 M? .#< -R (/) A4% =& . -< X<?& /!& Q” ? $ + / H ‚ ?3 [# – E # 3 a}q} P ? 3 9? ‘L & ?$” ? .;_ +A? $ & +?$* †K -_ .;_ ? – -8 <t =? .[aˆ&p] + %T Q” =#/ + -* [ $ . s< – ^ ‘.;_ -< Q” ? $ S? !” 340 TU #4 N$ =;< _ – & I< c4C #
+$ @< Q” ? †&3 WK #% )0
. L ?3 – . 9#> 3 +$ / -C $ -($ (.) ?8 L y – L ‚ 3 +$$ < & – %4 1( =* 5& 3 +$ XY . ( +$ S? !” D”4 0 =$ +%0< Z . 9#> 3 + -, ?8 L 3 H . ?3 $#I + Z* – Z* ‘O .$$*
-R a > $ =? $ S? 4 !” TU
. +?$*

-“/& ‘$3)5 +, -23&4, .1
0″ &’ !”
&! . 9#> ‘% S*6 – -8 +$ ‘% ? Z, 8 7 @ Z 3 -< 7 $ < 0 ~ & +$$ *> [# – .$ $,? Excel XP +$4* – H @ Z +$$ .;_ +A?
SPSS 13 @ Z Data Editor ] $ XY & +?$* 8 -0″ ? $ . -* @07 $ & + ( R8 + SPSS 13 @ Z 3 . 9#> Z, +?$* +$ X<?& (O 5& & H – 0U & -4 & ?$” ‘& – -8 <t =? .
I* & 4 $ “4 ?$”
$ -*8 _ – 7 )0 I< JK
. -* 4 !” TU L ‚ 3 H . †K 3 % o o@< – +3 ? < =37 3 +$ ? S? 9#> *> L c# / – %4 >0&
!” #( ) .
1 #!& 234 *3″ 0 $% & ‘!&* +,-/ .5% 26 7% $% & ‘!&*
2- Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure of Sampling Adequacy
! “#

” %& +’ &,- /0 ! 12 )3 #! 45( 67+ . )*

= 1 # 156 %() ./ ‘1& , ‘;<& *)

-4?” -0& & + +%0< 1( =* P
.$$*

.
! “# $ % %&#’
# ( $ % %&#’
L #O 1( =* P k } -0″ 3 K ? $
9#> 3 + †K . & -0& 3 +$ : + +%0< ?t wI .
#O 1( =*) -0& #% 0 :J0
( L – 5& – L
PATT=−1168.629−.008Ca+94.447Tatt−1.372Stu+
.075Popu+ 2.202Vadd+10.367Mob+1.928Bed PAFT=−1440.013−.009Ca+107.817Taft−1.299Stu+ .076Popu+ 2.178Vadd+8.706Mob+ 2.156Bed

– $&& S? $/ A PATT <) ‘n$/ $ ‚ =7 + +$$ ]4 ?$” & -0& X?& -< 3 = – # 4 S? 4 !” TU ‚ 3 H . y $8& A ($&&) @< qq/ˆ‡ m., . y ? -< _ – + .$ #( $ -0& ‚ ‘T k, 3 H$ ‚ =7 + +$$ ]4 ?$” & -0& X?& #6 -< – # 4 S? 4 !” TU 3 H . y $8& A (8&() = 3 @< m., . y ? -< _ – + ‚
#( $ -0& ‚ ‘T k, 3 H$ qq/ˆq
.$ -? (O l $ <) . y X? M? y P&8
4 & @< 3 = – $&& 4
.$ =I @< -< – = 3 8&(

&’ )3 9+ :$7 ; .8
” #$ %&
2&
S 5> > 07 S 5> > 07 ˆ/p‰q ˆ/ˆ‚‰ ˆ/p‰‚ ˆ/ˆ‚‰ Ca
o ˆ/ˆB‡ ˆ/p‚‰ o ˆ/ˆBB ˆ/p‚‰ Ta(tt-ft)
ˆ/a‰‡ ˆ/p}a ˆ/a‰‡ ˆ/p}a Stu
o ˆ/a‰a ˆ/p‚‡ o ˆ/a‰y ˆ/‚p‡ Popu
ˆ/ˆya ˆ/p‰q ˆ/ˆya ˆ/p‰q Vadd
ˆ/}aq ˆ/q‡ˆ ˆ/}aq ˆ/q‡ˆ Mob
ˆ/p‚‚ o ˆ/ˆˆB ˆ/p‚‚ o ˆ/ˆˆB Bed
$ 0 $ & 1( =* c?! P#< + Z, . + -R } P&8

! =* >? #! .<
(&B 9C& D) 9 &( ! #4@
+#I y P&8 N -? (O . X? E& $ L ‚ 3 . y = -< =7 – = . y ? 4 .$ †K +
S? $/ +#I PAFT & ? 3 = Popu83 #6 . ? – = 3 8&( =?,I$ $/ Stu83 I< JK /8 -* yq $ F –  0&$ & $37 +AI$ = /#H +*< 0/ +$&@ 53 Vadd83 I<
K $/ Bed83 = + <I $/ Mob83
=3 ) =3 Ta I< JK ‘4
-#?@ Ca & ( Taft 8&( =3 & Tatt $&& 37 M? ?3 & X?& .# ( C -?< )

a‡/Bpp a‡/p‚p F +7
%pp 3 %pp 3
( F )
‘ !” #$%& ‘ !” #$%& t +7

%pq s<C %pq s<C ( t )
ˆ/qq‰ ˆ/qqp ( R2 ) / c?!
a/qˆˆ a/q}} =4& o &$
& « /8 & R# ?3 ‘HF( » =#. P& . ‘H ? .$ = « ” & C G ‘HF( » =#. Z&$ . D . P 3 +7 H . 4 9?„ C% $ !” )*T $# P 8 ? # .$$ *3 @ ” & C # !” TU #?7 WK 8 $#I .
. %/ I< $ S?
y N S? !” D”4 0 / -C $ #/? ) . 9#> 8 M? 3 + †K . ” & C G ‘HF( & (SE) /8 & R# ?3 ‘HF(
-HC P & $$* +%0< 1( =* 5& – ((MC)

1- Enter
! “# ?
. 9#> 3 + †K . #% 0 :† 9#> 3 + †K . #% R0 4 ? $
+ +%0< ?t wI Z* – Z* =* 5& – . :

PATT=109.057+132.373SE+73.316MC
PAFT=108.903+133.962SE+ 73.592MC

– $&& S? $/ A PATT <) ‘n$/ $ S? $/ +#I PAFT & ? 3 = & R# ?3 ‘HF( SE ? – = 3 8&( . ” & C G ‘HF( MC & /8 c?! P#< + Z, 37 M? ?3 & X?& -A . + -R ‡ P&8 $ 0 $ & 1( =* #% 0 c?! $ -[C; @ ‡ P&8 $ -< $ #/ $ – $ . 9#> 3 + †K . +#I @ =4& – &$ =37 -, -< =7 ! +$ ($ ] & $8& Z. A -< y 3 *@ ?$”
0% 1 + +%0< ‘n$/ & L
.# -4 & L +##< %

! =* >? #! .H #3 )I J4 =* KL- )3 #4@

B}/}py B‡/‚qq F +7
%pp 3 %pp 3
( F )
t +7

%pp 3 %pp 3 ( t )
ˆ/qyˆ ˆ/qyq ( R2 ) / c?!
y/ˆyˆ y/ˆqy =4& o &$

+ +%0< L #O 1( =* P k } ?3 :$
=? S? !” #% + +%0< 0 -[C; @ } P&8 $ ->#6 L #O 1( =* 5& – ) -0& +##< % 0% 1 (L – 3 +$ -[C; @ B P&8 3 . $ 0 & # -4 & L 5& – ) -0& #% + +%0< 0 0% 1 (Z* – Z* L #O 1( =* -[C; @ ‡ P&8 3 .# -4 & L +##<% 9#> 3 + †K . #% + +%0< 0 #% 0 c?! -< $ =I } P&8 ?$” – 5& – L #O 1( =*) -0& -, -< =7 ! +$% $ #/ $ 3 ( $ (L -< y 3 < ?$” +#I @ =4&– &$ =37
+ +%0< 0 & L ($ ] & $8& A
.# -4 & L +##< % 0% 1
#O 1( =*) -0& #% 0 :W
( Z* – Z* 5& – L
5& – 0& -0& #% R0 4 ? $ : + +%0< ?t wI Z* – Z* =*
PATT =−799.061+ 0.096Popu + 58.303Tatt
PAFT =−945.512 + 0.097Popu + 63.859Taft
– $&& S? $/ A PATT <) ‘n$/ $ S? $/ +#I PAFT & ? 3 = Popu83 #6 . ? – = 3 8&( $&& =3) =3 Ta & I< JK /8 .#4 ‘n$/ H (Taft 8&( =3 & Tatt # $ -[C; <)0  0 $ -< -A ? $&&) =3 & I< /8 . + ~)C -” & + 0 $ (8&( P#< + Z, 37 M? ?3 & X?& . + -R B P&8 $ 0 $ & 1( =* c?!

! =* >? #! .F
(>G 9! >G D) 9 &( ! #4@

‡y/pB‰ ‡B/y‚B F +7
%pp 3 %pp 3
( F )
t +7

%pp 3 %pp 3 ( t )
ˆ/‚ya ˆ/‚ya ( R2 ) / c?!
y/yp‡ y/}‚‚ =4& o &$

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